What is Alinia used for?
Alinia is used for treating diarrhea caused by Giardia lamblia or Cryptosporidium parvum. Alinia (Nitazoxanide) is available in the tablet form or oral suspension, which contains the active ingredient nitazoxanide.
The oral suspension is for children 1 year or older, while the Alinia tablets can be taken by patients who are 12 years and older. Nitazoxanide belongs to a class of drugs called antiprotozoal agents. They work by stopping the growth of certain diarrhea causing protozoa.
What are the side effects of Alinia?
Alinia may cause certain side effects. You are advised to talk to your doctor if you experience any of the following:
- Stomach pain
- Discolored urine
- Skin rash
If you experience any other unusual problems after taking this medication, you should call your doctor and get medical help.
What special precautions to take with Alinia?
Before taking Alinia, there are a few things you should make sure you inform your doctor about:
- If you are allergic to nitazoxanide or any other medicine
- If you are taking any prescription or non-prescription drugs including herbal products, nutritional supplements and vitamins, etc
- If you are pregnant, or plan to become pregnant and if you are breastfeeding
- If you have HIV, or problems with your immune system, liver or kidney disease
Is there any particular diet you should take?
Diarrhea causes dehydration; therefore make sure the patient gets enough liquids. The patient can make use of frequent sips of water, sports drinks, and broth and fruit juices.
What should you do in case of a missed dose?
If you forget a dose, you should take it as soon as you remember it. However, if it is time for the next dose, skip the dose you missed and continue with your regular schedule.
What should you do in case of an overdose?
If you overdose, you are advised to get in touch with the local poison control center immediately. If the patient has collapsed, or is not breathing, call emergency services at 911.
You can buy Alinia tablets or oral suspension with a prescription at your local medical store or online pharmacies such as HealthWarehouse.com.
IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.
NITAZOXANIDE - ORAL TABLET
COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Alinia
USES: This medication is used to treat diarrhea due to certain intestinal parasitic infections (i.e., Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia lamblia).
HOW TO USE: Take this medication by mouth every 12 hours for 3 days with food, or as directed by your doctor. Children less than 11 years of age should not take these tablets. Instead, they should take nitazoxanide suspension. Antibiotics work best when the amount of medicine in your body is kept at a constant level. Therefore, take this drug at evenly spaced intervals. Continue to take this medication until the full-prescribed amount is finished even if symptoms disappear after a few doses. Stopping this medication too early may allow the parasites to continue to grow, which may result in a relapse of the infection. Inform your doctor if your condition worsens or does not improve.
SIDE EFFECTS: This medication is generally well tolerated when taken as directed. Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects. A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may include: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing. This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact the doctor or pharmacist. In the US - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
PRECAUTIONS: Before taking nitazoxanide, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details. Before using this medication, tell the doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver disease, kidney disease, weak immune system (e.g., HIV infection). Do not take over-the-counter medications to treat diarrhea without first checking with your doctor or pharmacist. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant before using this medication. It is not known whether this medication passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: Your healthcare professionals (e.g., doctor or pharmacist) may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for it. Do not start, stop or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with them first. Before using this medication, tell the doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription products you may use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist.
OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US national poison hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents should call their local poison control center directly.
NOTES: Do not share this medication with others. This medication has been prescribed for your current condition only. Do not use it later for another infection unless told to do so by the doctor. A different medication may be necessary in those cases. Remember to drink plenty of fluids to keep from becoming dehydrated from your diarrhea. Do not replace fluids with non-pasteurized milk or juices. If you are not sure of the right kinds of fluids to drink, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Also, avoid eating uncooked meats, eggs, or shellfish.
MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.
STORAGE: Store at room temperature at 77 degrees F (25 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Brief storage between 59-86 degrees F (15-30 degrees C) is permitted. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medicines away from children and pets. Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.
Information last revised May 2010. Copyright(c) 2010 First Databank, Inc.