What is Bupropion HCL XL?
Bupropion HCL XL is an antidepressant used to treat depressive disorders, seasonal affective disorders (SAD) and smoking cessation. This medication is among the most commonly prescribed antidepressants in the US. You can find Bupropion HCL XL available under various brand names such as Wellbutrin XL and Aplenzin.
Who should take Bupropion HCL XL?
Bupropion HCL XL can be taken to treat depression and SAD. It is also used to help stop smoking by reducing cravings and other withdrawal effects. In rare cases, doctors may prescribe this medication to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and sexual dysfunction.
How does Bupropion HCL XL work?
Bupropion HCL XL helps to restore the balance of various chemicals such as dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain. These chemicals are responsible for controlling the mood of a person.
What precautions should you take with Bupropion HCL XL?
Before you start taking this medication, you should tell your doctor about your complete medical history. Your doctor should be aware of:
- Any allergies you may have
- Any heart disease you have or had in the past
- High blood pressure
- Any kidney problems
- Any liver disease
- Any other conditions such as diabetes
- Any issue related to abuse of drugs or alcohol
- Any other prescription or non-prescription medications you take
- Any herbal products or supplements you take
- Any history of Glaucoma
- If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant
- If you are breast-feeding
- If you have epilepsy or seizures
- If you have an eating disorder
Some may be more sensitive to the effects of this drug. Bupropion HCL XL should not be taken as a replacement to sedatives or drugs used to treat seizures. This can increase the risk of seizures.
Avoid alcohol as it can increase the risk of seizures and dizziness. Avoid driving or any activity that requires alertness since Bupropion HCL XL can cause drowsiness.
How to take Bupropion HCL XL?
Ask your doctor for guidance before taking this medication. Your doctor will prescribe you the appropriate dosage based on your medical condition and need. The medication is available in different strengths such as Bupropion HCL XL 150 mg and Bupropion HCL XL 300mg.
You can take the tablets by mouth with food or water. Your doctor will tell you exactly how many times you should take the medication. Read the instructions on the prescription label and ask your doctor in case you do not understand the directions.
In case you miss a dose, do not make up for it. If you overdose on Bupropion HCL XL, call your local poison control center and seek medical help immediately.
Side effects of Bupropion HCL XL
Common side effects include:
- Dizziness and nausea
- Ringing in the ears
- Sore throat
- Dry mouth
- Sweating and shaking
- Trouble sleeping
- Weight loss
- Decreased appetite
- High blood pressure
Serious side effects include:
- Abnormal heartbeat
- Mood changes
- Unexplained weight loss or gain
If the following side effects occur, you should stop taking the medication immediately:
- Vision changes
- Eye pain/redness
- Trouble breathing
- Rashes and sores
- Swelling of the face, tongue or throat
You should keep your doctor informed about any unusual, persistent, or worsening side effects.
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